Plimoth completes stockade. By May leaders resolve to add a fort with cannon, Phineas Pratt arrives in Plymouth
June-July: ships Charity and Swan arrive with 50-60 more men, who choose Wessagusset/
Weymouth for their colony. It is “not long” before Native peoples report food-thefts and “abuse.”
August: Plimoth learns that Powhatan attacks on “Virginia” have
killed over 300 colonists.
Autumn: poor harvest at Plimoth. On short rations, Weymouth men grow disorderly
and increase grievances among Native New Englanders.
Fall and Winter: starvation at Plimoth, Weymouth force voyages in search of
food-trade with Native peoples.
1623 March: Standish at Manomet sees angry Native leader Wituwamat and reports
a “conspiracy.” Weymouth men (incl. Phinehas Pratt), desperate and dying, build a stockade, but lack of supply
brings more theft of Native stores. A few manage other means such as working for food (one lives/has a child with a Massachusett
Winslow seeks to “settle their affections” but is called to “dying” Massasoit, who recovers.
Hobbamock tells of an attack-conspiracy among all the villages who marked the 1621 treaty.
Weymouth plans to take Native corn by force: Plimoth dissuades them, but Massachusett men find out. Pratt assaults
a Native woman and “discovers” a plot in her curses. Native people move closer to swamps for safety. Native leader
Pecksuot seeks Pratt’s help defusing tensions. Pratt refuses. His “wilderness journey” to Plimoth with “intelligence.”
March 23: Plimoth resolves on action “returning their malicious and
cruel purposes upon their own heads.” Within days, Standish and 10-11 men trap and kill Wituwamat, Pecksuot and 4-5
others. Massachusett Sachem Obdakiest (a.k.a. Chikatawbak) and braves skirmish with Standish’s men. They kill 3 Weymouth
men, poss. 2 more in their houses (Pratt). The Sachem sues for peace. Standish pikes Wituwamat’s head over Plimoth’s fort, hoists a blood-soaked cloth
as an “ensign” or flag.
1624 June: “the third plantation in the Bay”: Capt. Wollaston,
gentleman Thos. Morton, 30 servants pursue ongoing Council for New England trade, prepare to winter at Passonagessit/”Mt.
Wollaston” (Quincy). Acc. To Pratt, they avoid Weymouth’s site and methods, in time renew relations with Chikatawbak’s
Neponset Massachusetts and others.