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Table 1: Arms noted in Plymouth Colony probates

Piece Type

1630s

1640s

1650s

1660s

1670s

1680s

Totals

Gun

 

1

13

42

44

14

114

Old gun

       

1

 

1

Small gun (carbine?)

   

4

1

2

 

7

Shorter gun (carbine?)

       

1

 

1

Long Gun (Fowler?)

       

1

 

1

Great Gun (Fowler or Wall gun?)

       

1

 

1

Piece

3

 

3

     

6

Old Piece

 

1

3

     

4

Small Piece (carbine?)

   

1

     

1

Piece for Service

1

         

1

Arms

   

2

4

   

6

Musket

3

12

16

16

4

 

51

Old Musket

     

2

   

2

Short musket (carbine?)

       

1

 

1

Large Musket

       

1

 

1

Matchlock

   

7

2

7

 

16

Firelock

     

1

12

 

13

Snaphaunce

   

1

     

1

Carbine

1

2

4

 

3

 

10

Harquebus

   

1

 

1

 

2

Blunderbus

       

2

 

2

Fowler

12

6

11

4

1

 

34

Long Fowler

       

2

 

2

Small fowler

       

3

 

3

Short Fowling Piece

 

1

       

1

Large fowler

       

2

 

2

Great Fowling Piece

     

1

   

1

Small Fowling Piece with the lock and barrel of a birding piece

     

1

   

1

Birding Piece

1

 

2

 

4

 

7

Little Birding Piece

1

 

1

     

2

Pistol

3

4

5

9

21

 

42

Pistolo (Spanish?)

 

1

       

1

Double Pistol

1

         

1

Totals

26

28

74

83

113

14

339

Table 2: General terms of arms noted in Plymouth Colony probates

Piece Type

1630s

1640s

1650s

1660s

1670s

1680s

Gun

 

1/ 3.6%

17/ 23%

43/ 51.8%

50/ 43.8%

14/ 100%

Piece

4/ 15.4%

1/ 3.6%

7/ 9.5%

     

Arms

   

2/ 2.7%

4/ 4.8%

   

Musket

3/ 11.5%

12/ 42.9%

16/ 21.6%

18/ 21.7%

6/ 5.3%

 

Fowler

14/ 53.9%

7/ 25%

15/ 20.3%

6/ 7.2%

12/ 10.5%

 

Pistol

4/ 15.4%

5/ 17.9%

5/ 6.8%

9/ 10.8%

21/ 18.4%

 

Matchlock

   

7/ 9.5%

2/ 2.4%

7/ 6.1%

 

Firelock

     

1/ 1.2%

12/ 10.5%

 

Snaphaunce

   

1/ 1.4%

     

Carbine

1/ 3.9%

2/ 7.1%

4/ 5.4%

 

3/ 2.6%

 

Harquebus

   

1/ 1.4%

 

1/ .9%

 

Blunderbus

       

2/ 1.75%

 

Totals

26

28

74

83

114

14

Table 3. Lead shot recovered from Plymouth Colony sites

Shot Size

Cushnoc

RM Site

Winslow

Burrs Hill

.70-.75

5

1

   

.65-.69

14

1

2

 

.60-.64

39

3

1

 

.55-.59

18

3

1

 

.50-.54

24

   

5

.45-.49

1

 

1

 

.40-.44

3

14

8

1

.35-.39

 

52

23

38

.30-.34

 

7

9

 

.25-.29

 

98

16

 

>.25

 

111

118

 

Totals

104

290

179

44

Table 4. Lead shot from Plymouth Colony Sites

Piece Type

Cushnoc

Clark

Winslow

Burrs Hill

Totals

Pistol

46 (44.2 %)

17 (77.3 %)

10 (76.9 %)

6 (100%)

79 (54.5%)

Carbine/ Arquebus

53 (51 %)

4 (18.2 %)

3 (23.1 %)

0

60 (41.4%)

Musket/ Fowler

5 (4.8 %)

1 (4.6 %)

0

0

6 (4.1%)

Totals

104 71.7%

22 15.1%

13 9%

6 4.1%

145

Table 5: Gunflints Recovered from the Clarke Site

Flint Type

Pistol

Carbine

Musket

Large Arm

Totals

Bifacial

1( 5.9 %)

2 ( 4.8 %)

0

1( 25 %)

4 ( 5.9 %)

Spall

0

4 (9.8 %)

0

0

4 ( 5.9 %)

Blade

5( 29.4 %)

2( 4.8 %)

0

0

7( 10.3 %)

Adventageous

11(64.7 %)

33( 80.5 %)

6( 100 %)

3( 75 %)

53( 77.9 %)

Totals

17/ 25%

41/ 60.3%

6/ 8.8 %

4 / 5.9 %

68

Percentage outside () represent percentage of total within each firearm class

Percentage inside of () represnts percentages of totals within the overall artifact class