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Comparison of 1920s and 1995 Assemblages

1926 Ceramics

Ceramics make up the largest single grouping of materials recovered from the 1926 excavation at the site (32.7%) of the 488 pieces in the collection. There is a minimum of 43 vessels present in the assemblage, most of them redware, as is very typical of colonial assemblages in New England. Tin-glazed ceramics make up the second largest type of ceramic, followed by slipware and mottled ware with stoneware surprisingly coming in last.

None of the ceramic types that could be considered temporally distinctive of the early seventeenth century, the Borderware, Bellarmines, or French ceramics, were recovered by Lombard. The ceramics found in the cellar holes all date from the later part of the seventeenth century into the eighteenth. Tin-glazed ceramics are a difficult ceramic group to date tightly, but of the sherds of vessels found several stand out and have bee identified as definitely dating to the time bracket assigned by me to the site. One vessel appears to be a small punch bowl with a turquoise glaze and black floral design on the interior and exterior. This vessel was most probably of Mediterranean origin, possibly Portuguese. Sherds of another vessel exactly the same were recovered by Deetz at the Joseph Howland site (1675-1725-30) in Kingston, Massachusetts (Plimoth Plantation Collections).

Another tin-glazed vessel found was an almost complete basin with a blue dash design on the rim and a debased large floral design on the interior. The height is 3 3/4" and the diameter is 10" at the rim and 5" at the base. Heritage Plantation (1994:63) dates this vessel from 1660 to 1690. The general stylistic traits of the central floral design and the blue dashes along the rim appear to be reminiscent of the famous blue dash chargers produced in England and Holland. This form and the decoration appear to be a debased version of this earlier finer form. The flowers or fruit are abstract and the form itself, a bowl, does not appear to have been a common form during the earlier portion of the production of the blue dash chargers. Due to the debased nature of the design, a late seventeenth century date is quite possible.

The other tin-glazed vessels recovered appear consistent with a late seventeenth to early eighteenth century occupation of the site. That the vessels recovered and easily dated all date to the same later period combined with the fact that tin-glazed ceramics in the early seventeenth century apparently were high status rare items, makes it very probable that there were no tin-glazed ceramics at Aptucxet in 1627 (Deetz 1973:25).

Slipware is a predominantly English produced earthenware with a buff colored body that was then coated with a slip or watery mixture of clay applied to the unfired body. Different colored slips were often applied and were utilized as decorative styles. Combing a brown slip over a yellow slip was known as combed slipware, and placing brown dots on a yellow slip was known as dotted slipware (Grigsby:1993:16-17). The decoration was then coated with a lead glaze and fired. These types of wares were commonly produced from 1670-1795 (South 1977:211).

The mottled ware is simply English produced earthenware with a redware body and mottled glaze on the exterior and a yellow glaze on the interior. It is very similar to a vessel found at Pemaquid, Maine and dated to the early eighteenth century (Bradley 1994: 147 )

Finally, the stonewares found represent a type of gray-bodied German stoneware commonly referred to as Westerwald because it was produced in the Westerwald region of Germany. The decoration on one vessel bears the coat of arms of Queen Anne of England (1702-1714) while another may be a fragment of the coat of arms of George I (1714-1720). Westerwald stoneware decorated with a cobalt glaze, as these were, dates from 1700-1775 (South 1977:210).

The ceramics from the site most likely represent fill thrown into the cellar holes when the house was abandoned and as a result gives a terminus post quam, or a date after which the structure was abandoned, of at least 1720, based on the Westerwald stoneware. All the other ceramics represent types and decorative styles produced before this date as well. The absence of White salt-glazed stoneware, which occurs on American sites as early as 1720, also lend credence to an abandonment date soon after circa 1720. This date correlates well with the clay pipe stem data to be illustrated.

Ceramics 1995

The ceramic assemblage was recovered from the yard and from a large trench feature to the south and west of the structure. The recovery of both ceramics and clay pipes from the yard within the immediate 30 meters surrounding the house allows the theory that the Aptucxet house was on the same site as the later house to be investigated. No material dating from the early seventeenth century was found.

The ceramic assemblage was very similar to that recovered by Lombard in 1926. In fact, several fragments were found which were from vessels recovered in 1926. Redware predominated with slipwares, tin-glazed and stonewares also being present. The only ceramic present in 1995 not present in 1926 was the North Devon gravel-free baluster jars. These were recovered from a very tightly dated context in the trench feature dated at circa 1673-1680. They have been found on sites dating from the early to late seventeenth century but are more commonly associated with sites occupied during the middle to late century. They appear to have been discontinued by 1675 (Cranmer 1990:85). The stonewares, again, were Westerwald vessels with only one having a manganese glaze that dates it slightly earlier than the ones with only cobalt glaze. Hume dates it to circa 1660 to 1675 (Hume 1969:281).

The redware glaze colors from the 1926 excavations, which were mainly from the cellars (c.1730), and the 1995 excavations, which were mainly from the Trench (c. 1675), contrast sharply with collections from other sites. As can be seen below, when the glaze

Figure 32

 

Winslow 1630-1650

Clarke (C-1) 1630-1676

Allerton (C-21) 1630, 1650-1690

ATPM-95 c.1675

Bradford (C-6) 1682-1745

Bartlett (C-4) 1679-1730

ATPM-26 c.1730

colors are compared with the various dated sites in Plymouth Colony, the ATPM 26 deposit and the ATPM 95 deposit compare well with other sites (Figure 32). The ATPM 95 assemblage, which primarily came from the possible palisade trench dated at c.1675, compared well with the deposits from the Clarke site. The material from the Clarke site, which was occupied from the 1630s until 1676, primarily dates to the destruction of the house in 1676. The presence of the darker colored glazes at the Clarke site is probably due to the earlier occupation. The redware from the ATPM 95 assemblage had a low occurrence of dark colored glazes, a lower occurrence of tan glazes than the later sites and a higher occurrence of red-brown glazes than the earlier sites.

The ATPM 26 assemblage primarily was recovered from the cellarholes and thus, dates to the final period of occupation at the site, circa 1730. This assemblage had the lowest occurrence of dark colored glazed vessels, a higher occurrence of tan glazed vessels and an occurrence of red-brown glazed vessels comparable with the Bartlett site (1679-1730). This assemblage compares favorably with the later eighteenth century assemblages, but is different than the ATPM 95 assemblage. This indicates that the two assemblages are not contemporaneous. This was the same conclusion that was reached using the other temporally distinct artifacts.

There were no real surprises in the ceramics during the 1995 field school. The assemblage recovered only confirmed what was suspected from the 1994 reanalysis: No evidence of a circa 1627 occupation was present at the site. If the Aptucxet house had existed somewhere on the property surveyed, just by the law of probability we should have found some trace of it. Those traces should have taken the form of ceramic sherds such as borderware that are very temporally diagnostic, or the earlier occupation should have shown up as a spike in the large pipe stem bores, in the same ways as they did for the short term occupation at the Allerton site.

Clay Tobacco Pipes 1926 Excavation

The fragments of clay pipe stems from the Lombard's excavation of the cellar holes are strongly biased towards the small stem bores as seen in Figure 33. Particular of the 5/64" bores (N=140) as compared to the second most common type, 6/64" (N=73). This bias towards the pipes dating to the 1710-1750 period is reflected also in the pipe bowls. The few makers marks found on some of the stems support this date range although they are a little earlier.

Figure 33

The marks of two English pipe makers from the Bristol region were identified from several bowls and stems. The first is Llewelyn Evans who was producing pipes from 1661-1688/9 (Walker C: 1131-1132). The second maker was Robert Tippett who was producing pipes from 1660-1720 (Walker Vol. B, 617)

The analysis of the clay pipe stems and bowls show that the site was occupied from the late seventeenth century to the early eighteenth century. The presence of pipes marked with the stamp of Robert Tippett produces a terminus ante quam 1660. The site had to have been occupied some time after 1660.

Clay Tobacco Pipes: 1995 fieldwork

Clay pipe stem and bowl fragments were recovered from the yard surrounding the structure as well as in an approximately 2 1/2 meter wide trench on the south and west sides of the structure. The pipes recovered during the 1995 field season represented a slightly earlier assemblage than those found within the cellar holes by Lombard. This is logical since the assemblage in the cellar holes represents a terminal deposit.

Using a mean date formula of X x Y=Z/A where X represents the mean date of the date range for each stem size, Y represents the number of stems present in the collection Z, the sum is divided by A the total number of stems in the collection. This technique is similar to one developed by Lewis Binford, but is just simpler and has been found by the author to arrive at closer median dates of occupation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4

Clay Tobacco Pipe Median Dates

 

8/64"

7/64"

6/64"

5/64"

Median date

EU 9

5

19

2

1

1664.1

EU 13

5

6

1

1

1660.1

EU 11

5

2

4

5

1683.4

EU 2

4

3

0

3

1672.5

EU 12

3

3

0

0

1650

EU 5

3

2

0

0

1647

EU 4

2

3

5

3

1686.9

EU 1

1

12

7

0

1674

EU 10

1

11

7

2

1679.8

EU 8

1

1

12

1

1691.3

EU 16

0

3

2

0

1677

EU 6

0

2

0

5

1711.4

EU 3

0

1

3

6

1713

EU 15

0

1

0

1

1697.5

EU 16

0

0

0

0

NA

EU 7

0

0

0

0

NA

Totals

30

69

43

28

1695.6

Test pits

7

15

12

6

1678.5

Total 1920s

8

29

73

140

1702.3

Total

45

113

128

174

1695

Mean Occupation Date for Ezra Perry II (1675-1730) 1702.5

The median date of occupation from Lombard's clay pipes was calculated as 1702.3 while the mean date for the 1995 field school was 1687.1. The mean date of occupation for the site if it is the Ezra Perry II as the author believes, is 1702.5 (1675-1730). If the date from Lombard's work is combined with the 1995 field school, a date of 1695 is arrived at, within seven years of the Ezra Perry II occupation date. If the site had been occupied since 1627, the median date would be 1678.5. A full 20 years difference. The mean clay pipe date from the C-1 site is 1658.7, while the mean date from the C-21 site is 1650.8. Both of these sites had occupations as early as the 1630s.

One of the things that can be noticed in table 4 is the fact that when the mean dates from each of the individual units are compared, there are some dates that extend back to 1647, 1650 and the 1660s. This is due to the concentrated nature of the samples and the imprecision of our understanding of the timing of the changes in clay pipe bores over time. The units should not be compared individually, and only assemblages within features and from the overall site should be considered to hold validity. As has been shown in previous sections of this report, the artifacts from the EUs, even those with "early" clay pipe dates, indicates that they were filled in the late seventeenth century. It really can not be argued that these dates indicate an early occupation because the other artifact classes do not support it.

When the assemblage from Lombard and the 1995 field school are compared to other archaeological sites ranging in date from 1628 to 1745 (Figure 34) it is very obvious that the ATPM assemblages are similar to the sites dating to the later part of the seventeenth to eighteenth century such as the Bradford site that is almost identical to Lombard's assemblage. The total assemblage, designated Perry on the histogram, can be seen to fall just after the Clarke assemblage that dates from 1635-1676. There are less 7/64" stems and more 6/64" which is logical for a site occupied in 1673 to 1730.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 34

The pipe bowl styles all date from the late seventeenth century and mainly came from the trench feature. A few early eighteenth century pieces were also found in the upper plowzone of the yard. These pieces were thrown from the cellar with Lombard's backdirt from his excavation.

Appendix 5

Ceramics recovered from Trench Feature, South and West Yards 1995

 

Redware

Tin-glazed

Slipware

North Devon

Stoneware

 

Pipkin

1

       

1

Tall Pan

2

       

2

Milk Pan

8

       

8

Mug

2

 

1

 

2

5

Cup

5

2

2

   

9

Chamber Pot

15

       

15

Pot

22

       

22

Plate

3

2

     

5

Bowl

       

1

1

Drinking Pot

5

       

5

Charger

 

4

     

4

Jug

1

       

1

Flask

2

       

2

Jar

     

3

 

3

Unknown

10

3

4

 

1

18

TOTAL

76

11

7

3

4

101

 

Appendix 5

Ceramic Analysis 1995 field season

Redware

Vessel 1: Vessel Type: Drinking Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 11cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior brown

Fragments: TJ-6-3, 5-SE-25, 5-NW-35 (2), 5-NE-45, 5-NW-50, 5-NW-65, 9-

NW-105-Z4, 12-NW-20 (2), 12-SE-30, 12-SW-85, 13-NE-60, 13-SE-70,

16-100-60

Vessel 2: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Glaze: Interior and Exterior brown

Fragments: TD-6-3, TM-7-2, 3-SE-10, 5-NW-35, 13-NE-10, 13-SW-10, 13-

SE-25, 13-SW-25, 13-NE-30

Vessel 3: Vessel Type: Plate?

Exterior Rim Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Exterior black, olive brown/ Interior olive brown splotch design

Fragments: 12-NE-05, 12-SW-20 (12), 12-SW-25 (3), 12-SE-80, 13-SW-20,

13-SW-35

Vessel 4: Vessel Type: Cup

Body Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior olive-yellow brown

Molded ribs on exterior similar to vessel from C-06 site (1682-1745)

Fragments: 1-SW-15, 1-NE-35, 11-NE-30, 11-NW-35, 13-NE-35, 13-NW-45

Vessel 5: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 22cm

Base Diameter: 9 cm

Glaze: Interior and on rim matt brown

Fragments: TG-6-3, TH-6-5a, TJ-6-3, 1-NW-20, 1-SW-35 (2), 1-SE-40-1, 2-

SW-20 (2), 4-NW-40, 4-SE-45, 4-SW-45, 5-NE-15, 5-SE-15, 5-SW-20,

5-SE-25, 5-NW-25, 5-NE-30, 5-SW-35, 5-SW-40, 4-NW-40 (2), 5-NW-

45 (2), 5-SE-60, 5-NW-65, 7-xx-5, 7-SE-10, 10-xx-25, 10-SE-40 (2), 10-

NE-45, 10-SW-50, 11-SW-40 (2), 12-NW-20, 12-SE-30 (2), 12-NW-35,

12-SE-40, 12-SW-40 (2), 12-SW-45, 12-NE-50, 12-NE-55b, 12-NE-65,

12-SW-65, 12-NW-70, 12-SE-90, 13-SE-25, 13-NE-30, 13-SE-45 (2), 13-

NE-50, 13-NW-50 (2), 13-NW-60 (2), 13-SE-65, 13-SW-75

Vessel 6: Vessel Type: Pot

Interior Body Diameter: 17cm

Glaze: Interior matt brown

Fragments: TJ-6-4, 5-SW-35 (12), 12-SE-25, 13-NE-50

Vessel 7: Vessel Type: Milk Pan

Exterior Rim Diameter: 31cm

Base Diameter: 15cm, 34 degrees angle to rim

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: TJ-6-3 (6), 5-SE-25, 5-NW-35, 5-SW-40, 5-NW-55, 5-NE-65 (2),

5-NW-75, 12-SE-30, 12-NE-60b, 12-NE-65, 13-SE-25, 13-Se-30, 13-

SW-60

Vessel 8: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 28cm

Glaze: Interior yellow brown

Fragments: 5-NW-25, 10-SE-30, 10-SW-30, 10-NW-35, 10-12-55, 12-NE-30,

12-NE-55b, 12-SW-105, 13-SW-60, 13-NW-70

Vessel 9: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Base Diameter: 22cm

Glaze: Interior mottled brown, yellow brown, olive brown

Fragments: TE-2-4 (2), TE-4-1, 5-NE-60, 12-SW-45

Vessel 10: Vessel Type: Small Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior mottled brown and red brown, similar to a vessel from C-1

(1630-1676)

Fragments: 13-SE-50

Vessel 11: Vessel Type: Mug?

Exterior Rim Diameter: ~11cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark brown

Fragments: 2-SE-25, 3-SW-30, 4-SE-30, 5-SE-15

Vessel 12: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior red brown

Fragments: TF-7-3, 1-NW-40, 5-SW-65, 6-SE-15, 11-SE-55, 13-SE-45

Vessel 13: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 13cm

Glaze: Interior slightly mottled brown and dark yellow brown

Fragments: TF-8-5, TG-7-3, 4-NE-25, 4-SW-30, 4-NW-50, 5-NW-40, 6-NE-

25, 13-SE-50

Vessel 14: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior yellow brown

Fragments: TJ-6-2, 5-NW-25

Vessel 15: Vessel Type: Drinking flask?

Exterior Body Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior unglazed, Exterior dark brown

Fragments: 1-SE-55-1, 11-SW-25, 12-SW-55a

Vessel 16: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 11cm

Glaze: Interior matt dark purple brown

Fragments: TG-7-3, TG-7-4, 1-NW-30, 1-NE-35, 1-SW-40(2), 1-NW-45, 2-

NE-30, 4-NW-40, 4-NW-45, 4-SW-45, 5-SW-30, 5-SE-30, 5-NW-35, 8-

NE-20, 8-NW-20, 8-NE-25, 8-SE-25, 8-NW-30(2), 8-SE-35, 8-SW-35,

11-NE-5, 11-NW-75-12, 12-SE-30, 12-NW-40

Vessel 17: Vessel Type: Pot?

Exterior Body Diameter: 20cm

Glaze: Interior tan

Fragments: 1-NW-30, 5-NW-30, 10-SW-30(2), 12-SE-30(4), 10-SW-35, 11-

SW-45, 12-NE-25, 13-SW-25

Vessel 18: Vessel Type: Drinking Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 10cm

Glaze: Interior tan olive

Fragments: 5-SE-40

Vessel 19: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior yellow brown

Fragments: 13-NW-50

Vessel 20: Vessel Type: Pot?

Exterior Body Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior dark tan

Fragments: 5-SE-55

Vessel 21: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 19cm

Glaze: Interior brown, Exterior dark brown

Fragments: 13-NW-45, 13-SW-50

Vessel 22: Vessel Type: Milk Pan

Exterior Rim Diameter: ~28cm

Glaze: Interior brown to dark brown

Fragments: 4-NE-60, 5-SW-40, 12-NW-35

Vessel 23: Vessel Type: Plate/ Charger

Glaze: Interior yellow

Fragments: 12-SE-65

Vessel 24: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 11cm

Exterior Body Diameter: 20cm

Exterior Base Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior splotched red brown Exterior dark brown

Fragments: TF-7-4, Tk-7-2, 1-SE-35, 1-SE-40-1, 4-NE-40, 4-SW-40, 4-SE-

45, 8-SW-15, 10-SE-25, 1-NW-25 (2), 1-SE-25, 10-SE-30, 1-SW-35, 10-

NW-45 (2), 11-SW-35, 11-NW-40, 11-13-60, 11-NW-65, 12-NW-25, 12-

SE-30, 13-NE-15, 13-SW-50

Vessel 25: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 22cm

Glaze: Interior matt brown

Fragments: 2-SE-30(2)

Vessel 26: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior matt brown and dark brown

Fragments: 1-SW-30

Vessel 27: Vessel Type: Drinking Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior yellow brown

Fragments: TF-7-4, 11-SW-25

Vessel 28: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 22cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: 1-SE-35, 11-NE-35, 11-NW-50

Vessel 29: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 26cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: TF-7-4, 1-SE-20, 1-NE-25, 1-NW-25, 1-SW-25, 1-SE-25, 1-NE-

40, 11-NE-30(2), 11-NE-35, 11-NE-50, 11-SE-50

Vessel 30: Vessel Type: Milk Pan?

Exterior Rim Diameter: 25cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: 1-SE-30, 1-NE-50-1, 1-SE-80-1, 11-SW-30, 11-SW-40, 11-13-60,

11-SW-60, 11-NE-85

Vessel 31: Vessel Type: Milk Pan

Exterior Rim Diameter: 32cm

Glaze: Interior dark olive brown

Fragments: TH-6-4, TH-6-5, 4-NW-40, 4-NW-45(3), 4-SE-45(2), 10-NW

-25(2), 10-SE-25(3), 10-SW-30 (4), 10-Se-30(6), 10-NW-35(2), 10-SW-

35, 10-SE-35

Vessel 32: Vessel Type: Milk Pan

Exterior Body Diameter: 26cm

Glaze: Interior dark yellow brown

Fragments: 10-SW-20, 10-SE-30(5), 10-SW-30, 10-SE-35(2), 10-NE-35(2),

10-SW-35(2), 10-NW-35, 10-NE-40, 10-13-55

Vessel 33: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 21cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior matt brown

Fragments: TG-7-3(2), TH-6-4, TK-6-5, 3-SW-20, 3-SW-25, 3-SW-30, 3-

NW-30(2), 3-SE-30, 3-NE-35, 3-SE-55, 4-NE-15, 4-NE-40(3), 4-SW-40,

4-NW-40, 4-nE-45, 4-NW-45, 8-NW-15(2), 8-NE-15, 8-NE-20, 8-SE-25(2), 8-SE-35, 10-SW-35

Vessel 34: Vessel Type: Cup?

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark olive brown

Fragments: 10-SE-25, 10-xx-25, 10-NW-25, 10-SE-30, 10-NE-40

Vessel 35: Vessel Type: Milk Pan

Exterior Rim Diameter: 35cm

Glaze: Interior mottled brown and dark yellow brown

Fragments: 8-SE-20, 8-SE-25, 10-SE-30

Vessel 36: Vessel Type: Pipkin

Exterior Base Diameter: 9cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior brown

Fragments: 5-NW-50, 5-SW-70, 12-NW-90, 13-NE-35

Vessel 37: Vessel Type: Mug

Exterior Rim Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior very dark brown

Fragments: 3-NW-30, 9-SW-70, 9-SE-95-Z4, 10-SE-30

Vessel 38: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Glaze: Interior and Exterior olive yellow brown with trailed slip design on

exterior

Fragments: TG-7-3, 10-NE-15

Notes: Wrotham slipware, fragment of 1926 vessel 2

Vessel 39: Vessel Type: Plate

Exterior Rim Diameter: ~22cm

Glaze: Interior tan with a white slip

Fragments: Demo Pit-1-4(2)

Vessel 40: Vessel Type: Milk Pan?

Glaze: Interior olive brown

Fragments: TB-6-2, TF-6-3, TG-8-1, 8-SW-15, 8-SW-25

Vessel 41: Vessel Type: Milk Pan?

Glaze: Interior yellow olive brown

Fragments: TG-7-3, TK-7-2, 2-SW-20, 6-NE-15, 7-SW-25, 8-NE-25(2)

Vessel 42: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior yellow brown

Fragments: TK-5-1, 13-NW-15, 13-NW-45

Vessel 43: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior olive yellow brown

Fragments: TE-1-2

Vessel 44: Vessel Type: Jug

Exterior Body Diameter: 13cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark olive brown

Fragments: TE-4-1, 13-SW-10

Notes: Fragment of 1926 vessel 42

Vessel 45: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior yellow red brown

Fragments: 11-SE-30

Vessel 46: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior olive brown

Fragments: TF-5-2

Vessel 47: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark tan, body ribbed on exterior, handle present

Fragments: TE-2-4, TF-6-1, TF-6-5, TF-7-3(5), TI-9-2, TI-10-2, 1-SW-25, 2-

NW-25, 3-NW-30, 4-NW-30, 4-NW-35(2), 6-NE-15, 8-NW-15, 9-xx-30,

11-NW-25, 11-SE-25(4), 11-NE-25, 11-SW-55

Vessel 48: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior red brown

Fragments: TM-5-2

Vessel 49: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 22cm

Glaze: Interior Matt brown/ Exterior mottled red brown and brown

Fragments: 4-NE-25

Vessel 50: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 33cm

Glaze: Interior tan

Fragments: TG-7-4, 8-SE-20(3), 8-SW-25, 8-SE-25(3), 8-NW-30

Vessel 51: Vessel Type: Cup?

Glaze: Interior and Exterior brown

Fragments: 8-NW-15

Vessel 52: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 16cm

Glaze: Interior yellow brown/ Exterior red brown

Fragments: 9-SW-90-Z3

Vessel 53: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior matt brown/ Exterior brown

Fragments: 2-NE-30

Vessel 54: Vessel Type: Pot

Glaze: Interior red brown

Fragments: 9-SW-70-Z3, 9-NE-85-Z2, 9-SE-100-Z4, 9-SW-105-Z4

Vessel 55: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 17cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: 2-NW-25, 2-SW-25, 2-SW-35, 4-NE-40, 4-NW-40(2), 4-NW-45,

6-xx-30, 9-SW-85-Z3, 10-NW-35(2), 10-NW-40(2)

Vessel 56: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior red brown Exterior red brown

Fragments: TE-2-4(2), TM-3-1, TO-10-1, 2-SW-20(2), 2-NE-20, 2-SE-25, 2-

SE-30, 16-xx-20

Vessel 57: Vessel Type: Flask?

Glaze: Unglazed

Fragments: 9-xx-30

Vessel 58: Vessel Type: Pot?

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: 2-SE-30(2), 2-SW-30(2), 2-NE-35, 8-SW-75-10

Vessel 59: Vessel Type: Cup

Handle thickness: .42"

Glaze: Exterior brown

Fragments: 9-SE-110-Z4

Vessel 60: Vessel Type: Tall Pan

Exterior Rim Diameter: 17cm

Glaze: Interior mottled brown and red brown

Fragments: 8-NW-20, 8-SW-55-10, 16-50-90

Vessel 61: Vessel Type: Drinking Pot or Chamber Pot

Glaze: Interior and Exterior red brown

Fragments: 3-NW-35

Vessel 62: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Rim Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: TI-7-7

Notes: Rim style appears to be an older one dating to circa 1660, similar to

ones from C-1 and C-21

Vessel 63: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 16cm

Glaze: Interior dark olive brown

Fragments: TL-6-4

Vessel 64: Vessel Type: Jug

Exterior Base Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior brown/ Exterior unglazed

Fragments: TE-2-3(2)

Vessel 65: Vessel Type: Pot

Glaze: Exterior unglazed

Fragments: TE-3-3, TL-4-3

Vessel 66: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior red brown Exterior red brown

Fragments: TE-2-4(2), TM-3-1, TO-10-1, 16-xx-20

Vessel 67: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: TE-2-4, TH-5-1, TJ-4-4, TJ-5-3(2), 2-SW-25

Vessel 68: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior red brown

Fragments: 9-xx-30, 9-SE-65, 9-NE-85-Z2, 9-NW-105-Z4, 9-SW-120-Z3

Vessel 69: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark red brown

Fragments: 2-SW-20, 2-SW-30

Notes: Handle present

Vessel 70: Vessel Type: Cup

Exterior Rim Diameter: 10cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior red brown

Fragments: 9-SE-80, 9-NW-105-Z4(2)

Vessel 71: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior matt olive tan

Fragments: TJ-8-3, TK-4-3, TN-4-2

Vessel 72: Vessel Type: Chamber Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 17cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior brown

Fragments: TI-9-2, 2-SW-20(3), 2-NE-20, 2-SE-25, 2-SE-30, 8-SW-30, 9-

SW-100-Z3

Vessel 73: Vessel Type: Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 18cm

Glaze: Interior mottled dark brown and brown

Fragments: TM-6-4

Vessel 74: Vessel Type: Drinking Pot

Exterior Body Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior dark red brown

Fragments: TH-5-4, 2-NE-30, 4-SW-45, 8-NW-15, 16-50-60(2)

Notes: ridges on exterior

Vessel 75: Vessel Type: Tall Pan

Exterior Body Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior very dark brown

Fragments: TE-2-4, TF-8-3, TG-7-3, 2-SW-25, 4-NE-40, 4-NW-45(2), 8-SE-

15, 9-NW-90-Z2, 12-SE-30

Vessel 76: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior red brown

Fragments: 4-SW-45(2), 4-SW-50

Vessel 77: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior brown

Fragments: TE-2-4, TF-10-4, TH-4-2

North Devon Gravel-Free

Vessel 78: Vessel Type: Baluster Jar

Exterior Body Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior mottled olive brown and olive yellow brown

Fragments: 5-NE-45

Vessel 79: Vessel Type: Baluster Jar

Exterior Body Diameter: 12cm

Glaze: Interior olive brown

Fragments: TH-6-5(2), 5-NW-40, 5-SW-50, 5-NE-60, 12-NE-65b, 12-SW-85,

13-SW-70

Vessel 80: Vessel Type: Baluster Jar

Exterior Body Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior mottled dark olive brown and yellow brown

Fragments: TH-6-5a(4), 3-SW-35, 5-NW-50, 12-NE-65, 12-SE-75, 12-SW-85

Tin-Glazed/ Delft

Vessel 81: Vessel Type: Charger

Exterior Rim Diameter: 25cm

Glaze: White exterior/ Interior white with blue design

Fragments: 5-NE-45, 5-SE-50 (3), 5-NW-55(3), 5-SE-55(2), 5-NE-60(2), 5-

SW-60, 5-SE-65, 5-SW-65, 5-NW-65, 5-NE-65(2), 5-SE-70, 5-SW-75,

12-SE-75, 13-SW-70, 13-SW-75

Notes: probably Portuguese similar to the ceramics from the Clarke and Lake

site

Vessel 82: Vessel Type: Charger/ Plate

Exterior Rim Diameter: 21cm

Exterior Base Diameter: 11cm

Height: ~3cm

Glaze: Interior white glaze with blue, light blue decoration/ Exterior white

Fragments: 5-SE-35, 5-SW-50(5)12-NE-65b, 12-NW-75, 12-SE-80, 13-SE-

55(3), 13-SW-60

Notes: Possibly Portuguese

Vessel 83: Vessel Type: Charger

Exterior Rim Diameter: 24cm

Exterior Base Diameter: 13cm

Glaze: Interior white glaze with blue decoration/ Exterior white

Fragments: 4-NW-45, 4-SE-45, 4-NW-50, 4-wall slump, 12-NE-65b

Notes: English Blue dash Charger

Vessel 84: Vessel Type: Plate

Glaze: Interior and Exterior Turquoise with black decoration

Fragments: TF-6-2, TG-7-6, 2-NE-25, 8-NW-40

Notes: Fragments of 1926 vessel 30

Vessel 85: Vessel Type: Cup/ Mug

Exterior Rim Diameter: 11cm

Base Diameter: ~7cm

Glaze: Interior white glaze/ Exterior white glaze with manganese stippling

Fragments: 9-SE-60, 9-SW-80-Z3, 9-SW-95-Z3, 11-NE-30, 11-NW-40, 11-

NW-45, 11-NE-70, 13-SW-40

Notes: English Malling cup

Vessel 86: Vessel Type: Charger

Exterior Base Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior white glaze with blue design/ Exterior white glaze

Fragments: 9-NW-90-1

Notes: burned

Vessel 87: Vessel Type: Cup/ Mug

Glaze: Interior white/ Exterior white with dark purple stippling

Fragments: 3-SW-30

Notes: English Malling cup

Vessel 88: Vessel Type: Cup?/ Drug Pot?

Exterior Body Diameter: 9cm

Glaze: Interior white/ Exterior unglazed

Fragments: 9-SW-120-Z3

Vessel 89: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior and Exterior white glaze with pink tinge

Fragments: TD-6-4, TE-2-4, TG-8-4, 1-SE-55, 3-SE-35, 5-SW-30, 6-SE-15,

8-NW-20(2), 8-SW-25

Notes: Body paste is yellow tan

Vessel 90: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Missing

Fragments: TH-9-1, Tk-1-4(2), TK-1-5, 3-NW-25

Vessel 91: Vessel Type: Plate?

Glaze: White with blue decoration

Fragments:TE-2-4, 2-NW-25, 2-SW-30, 3-NW-15, 4-NE-20, 8-NW-30, 80-

SE-45

Vessel 92: Vessel Type: Plate/ Charger

Glaze: White with Blue decoration

Fragments: 6-SE-20

Notes: body with pinkish tinge

STONEWARE

Vessel 93: Vessel Type: Mug

Exterior Body Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with cobalt and manganese decoration

Fragments: TF-7-2

Notes: Westerwald

Vessel 94: Vessel Type: Mug

Exterior Body Diameter: 13cm

Glaze: Interior clear/ exterior clear with blue bands

Fragments: TH-5-2, TI-6-3, 6-XX-2, 9-XX-30, 11-SW-15, 13-SW-25

Notes: Westerwald

Vessel 95: Vessel Type: Bowl

Exterior Body Diameter: 8cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior clear

Fragments: 6-SW-15

Notes: White Salt-glazed Stoneware 1720-1805

Vessel 96: Vessel Type: ?

Exterior Body Diameter: 6cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior tan

Fragments: 4-NE-15

Notes: British Brown Stoneware 1690-1775

CREAMWARE

Vessel 97: Vessel Type: Bowl?

Exterior Body Diameter: 16cm

Glaze: Interior and Exterior clear

Fragments: 10-SE-15

SLIPWARE 1670-1795

Vessel 98: Vessel Type: Cup

Exterior Body Diameter: 6cm

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with brown combed design

Fragments: 3-SW-30(2)

Vessel 99: Vessel Type: Cup

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with brown combed design

Fragments: TK-7-2, 1-NW-35

Vessel 100: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with wide brown band decoration

Fragments: 6-NE-25

Vessel 101: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior brown

Fragments:TG-7-2, 3-SE-35

Vessel 102: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with brown combed slip design

Fragments: TH-5-3, TH-6-4, TJ-9-5(2), 6-SE-15, 6-NE-30, 10-SE-15, 16-XX-

20

Vessel 103: Vessel Type: Mug

Exterior Rim Diameter: 9cm

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with brown combed slip design

Fragments: 13-SE-10

Vessel 104: Vessel Type: ?

Glaze: Interior and Exterior clear

Fragments: 1-NE-35

Vessel 105: Vessel Type: Mug

Exterior Rim Diameter: 14cm

Glaze: Interior clear/ Exterior clear with brown slip decoration

Fragments: 8-SW-75-10

Notes: Fragment from 1926 vessel 36