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Native people occupied the knoll on which C-04 Bartlett site is situated for at least 3000 years.  The artifact s recovered likely came from the disposal of waste by Natives during the Late Archaic and Late Woodland Periods, but also may represent artifacts collected by the Bartlett family.  essentially they may have been acting as early avocational archaeologists.

Prehistoric Material

The prehistoric cultural material recovered from the C-04 site represents the utilization of this knoll on which the site is located during at least two separate periods. One white quartz Squibnocket triangle point (1.085" long, .88 " wide, .24" max thickness ) dating from the Late Archaic period (4000-3000 years B.P.) was recovered from Test Pit 2, located four feet to the east of the hearth (Figure 1). One piece of white quartz shatter, possibly dating to the same time period although this can not be stated with certainty, was recovered from the septum at Feature 10. This area was located adjacent to the bulkhead entrance into the cellarhole (Figure 2).

Two Levanna projectile points dating from the Late Woodland to Contact periods (1000-450 BP) were also recovered. The first is a gray green rhyolite with no phenocrysts (2.205" long, 1.225" wide. .26" max thickness) which was found in sqaure F6 at a depth of 0-1.5' below the ground surface. This square was located 20 feet to the northwest of the cellarhole. The second point, a very dark grey rhyolite with white phenocrysts (1.335" long, 1.308" wide, .225" max. thickness), was recovered from Feature 3 square D at a depth of 0-.5' below the ground surface. This square was located to the immediate northwest of the cellarhole (Figure 2).

Other non-temporally diagnostic artifacts were also recovered including one grey rhyolite oval biface (2.785" long, 1.555" wide, .575" max thickness) from Feature 8 square N at a depth of 0-.5' below the ground surface. This square was located to the northeast of the cellarhole (Figure 2). One flat dark grey slate abrading stone with pecking on the edge (4.665" long, 1.753" wide, .33" max thickness) was recovered from Feature 1 square G at a depth of 0-.5' below the ground surface. This unit was located 75 feet to the northeast of the cellarhole. This abrading stone may have been used either by the Natives or Europeans to sharpen tools.

Relatively few flakes of chipping debris were recovered. This may be a result of the lack of screens being used or as a result of the area not having been extensively used prehistorically. Only one other piece of chipping debris, aside from the piece of white quartz shatter, was recovered. This secondary flake of dark grey green rhyolite with white phenocrysts (1.815" long, 1.344" wide, .348" max thickness) was recovered from Excavation Unit 2 (EU 2) at a depth of .5-1' below the ground surface. EU 2 was located to the north of the cellarhole (Figure 2).

Catalog

White quartz Squibnocket Triangle 1.085" long, .88 " wide, .24" max thickness

1135 from test pit 2

Gray green rhyolite no phenocrysts Levanna 2.205" long, 1.225" wide. .26" max

thickness 288 F6 0-1.5' below surface

Very dark grey rhyolite with white phenocrysts Levanna 1.335" long, 1.308" wide, .225" max. thickness Feature 3 square D 0-.5' below surface

Greay rhyolite oval biface 2.785" long, 1.555" wide, .575" max thickness Feature 8 square N 0-.5' below surface

Dark grey slate flat abrding stone with pecking 4.665" long, 1.753" wide, .33" max thickness  Feature 1 square G 0-.5' below surface

Dark grey green rhyolite with white phenocrysts secondary flake 1.815" long, 1.344" wide, .348" max thickness EU 2 .5-1' below surface

White quartz shatter Feature 10 septum