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No log cabins or living in barrels, Pilgrim houses had definate English Antecedents

Two types: square and long

Square

-measured 20 x 20

-probably most common type in Plymouth

Long

-measured approximately 20 x 40

-more common as storehouses or houses for people dealing in trade

Construction

-houses built around a minimum of 4 posts buried in ground at corners (earthfast/ post-in-ground construction)

-Used oak primarilly for timbers

-wattle and daub wall and chimney construction- basically interwoven vertical sticks in walls between posts with clay mixed with dung and straw plastered over it on the outside and inside

-outside covered with split oak clapboards to keep the weather out

-roofs thatched with marsh reeds or straw, after 1627 they were covered with clapboards in town to lessen fire hazard

-usually few windows with either glass panes or oil paper over the opening

-hearth located in 1 corner with door nearby

-dirt, clay or boarded floors