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A Timeline for the Colonists at Plymouth (the Pilgrims) 1606-1627

1606

After meeting with other separatists at Gainshorough under John Smyth, a separate congregation was formed at Scrooby.

1607

The colony at Jamestown was founded.

Late Fall

The Scrooby congregation made their first attempt to get into Holland.

1608

Spring

The Scrooby congregation made their second attempt to get into Holland.

1608/9

12 February

An application for the congregation to move from Amsterdam to Leyden was granted.

May

The movement of the congregation from Amsterdam to Leyden was completed.

1610

Robinson's Justification for Separation was published.

1611

5 May

Robinson and four others completed purchase of the Groenepoort in Leyden.

1617

Fall

Cushman and Carver negotiate for the first time with the Virginia Company, and present them with the seven articles.

1618/9

9 June

First patent for Virginia granted to the Leyden congregation.

1620

The New Netherlands Company offered to settle the congregation on the Hudson.

31 July (dated by Dexter)

The congregation left. Leyden for Delftshaven.

6 September

The Mayflower left Plymouth England, and the Speedwell returned to London.

9 November

The Mayflower made landfall on Cape Cod.

9 December

The first encounter with the natives.

10 December

First exploration of New Plimoth.

23 December

Felling of timber for building was begun.

1620/1

14 January

A fire in the common house.

16 March

Arrival of Samoset in New Plimoth.

22 March

First meeting with Massasoit. Peace was made.

5 April

The Mayflower left New Plimoth for England.

Mid-April

John Carver died, and Bradford was elected governor with Allerton as his assistant.

12 May

First marriage in New Plimoth between Susannah White and Edward Winslow.

14 May

Frederick V fled to the Netherlands, and the Protestant Union was dissolved.

11 June

Ten men were sent to Nauset to find John Billington.

18 June

Duel between Edward Doty and Edward Lester.

July

At the beginning of the month, the Fortune left London but was held back by crosswinds.

14 August

Ten men went to Nemasket to rescue Squanto.

Fall

A three-day feast was celebrated with the natives.

13 September

The natives made a document of subjection to King James.

18 September

The shallop went to Massachusetts for discovery and trade.

11 November

The Fortune arrived in New Plimoth with Robert Cushman.

13 December

The Fortune left for England with Robert Cushman.

1621/2

January

A threat from the Narragansett was received.

Spring

A letter was received from John Huddleston telling of the Virginia massacre.

March

The palisade was finished.

May

At the end of the month, the men from the Sparrow arrived.

Squanto was left under the protection of the Governor after a confrontation with Massasoit.

Summer

At the end of the summer, Weston's men finally left for Wessagussett.

June

Work was begun on the fort at New Plimoth.

July

Some of Weston's men arrived with the Charity and the Swan, and various letters were delivered.

August

The Sparrow and the Discovery arrived with trade goods, bringing with them John Pory.

Fall

A joint trading expedition was undertaken with men from Wessagussett.

16 October

The Paragon left London for the first time.

November

Squanto died at Cape Cod.

1622/3

1 January

The Paragon left London for the second time.

February

A letter came from Wessagussett asking advice and telling of their needs.

27 February

Massacre of English by the Dutch at Amboina.

Spring

Wessagussett hung a corn thief.

Planting by particular was begun.

Winslow cured Massasoit 's illness.

Standish left for Wessagussett with eight men.

Weston arrived seeking help.

26 April

The Little James sailed from Portsmouth.

May

A drought began late in the month.

2 May

The Anne sailed from Portsmouth.

June

Late in the month the Patent arrived.

July

A Day of humiliation was observed in New Plimoth.

26 July

A Day of Thanksgiving was observed in New Plimoth.

27 July

The Anne arrived in New Plimoth.

5 August

The Little James arrived in New Plimoth.

14 August

Governor Bradford's wedding was celebrated.

September

Captain Robert Gorges arrived in New Plimoth and called Weston to account.

10 September

Winslow left for England on the Anne.

5 November

A fire in New Plimoth burned several buildings.

1623/4

Spring

Weston left for Virginia and Gorges returned to England bringing with him some of the discontented settlers.

Lyford's letters were intercepted by Bradford.

March

Winslow returned on the Charity with the Lyfords and cattle.

Summer

Lyford and Oldham were called to court and Oldham was expelled. The ship carpenter died.

22 August

Winslow left for England on the Little James, with another of Lyfords letters being discovered on the ship and given over to the Governor.

1624/5

Spring

Winslow returned on the Jacob with news of the company's break-up.

Death of Robert Cushman.

1 March

Death of John Robinson in Leyden.

Summer

Standish left for London in the White Angel, accompanied by the Little James, which was later taken by Turks.

1625/6

April

Standish returned from England, with news of the deaths of John Robinson, Robert Cushman, and others.

Summer

Allerton left for England to negotiate with the Adventurers.

Winter

The Sparrowhawk was wrecked of f the coast of Cape Cod.

1626/7

March

Bradford received a letter from Issack de Rasieres.

Allerton returned from England at about this time.